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Pea characteristics: green peas & yellow peas

Updated: Aug 16, 2021

Due to its great richness of nutrients, green peas or yellow peas are included in the diet of birds. Its color depends on its cotyledon, but it's not just about color, it's about nutrients. Since the yellow ones will have 10% more energy than the green ones.

In addition, the cultivation of yellow peas is more resistant to climatic situations and a higher production is obtained than green peas.

Pea characteristics

The pea is a pea that is found inside a pod. Its texture is very smooth and its color is bright. Peas can be found frozen, canned, dried, or fresh, and can be used in a wide variety of preparations. Among them are salads and stews to soups and cakes, among others.

It can be part of the feeding of cattle, pigs, smaller pets and poultry or wild. This is why it is included in many poultry food mixes.

Nutrition provided by green peas and yellow peas

Food is very important for all living things. Good nutrition is directly reflected in your health.

The nutritional contribution of peas in the diet is very important, because their content has a very low amount of anti-nutritional factors. Its energy contribution is due to its high protein content. Which is 18 to 22% in green peas and 10% more on yellow peas.

It is an important source of sucrose and amino acids, including lysine, although it is low in methionine. Its energy value is similar to the grain of corn. Therefore, its use in animal nutrition has a very efficient protein-energy ratio.

Advantages of growing green peas and yellow peas

Growing green peas and yellow peas brings benefits to the soil. They are used instead of wheat, because it leaves the field empty for 20 days before leaving more nitrogen and other resources for other crops in the ground. Among them is sunflower, corn or soy.

Peas that have the yellow color of the cotyledon are sought after in Asian countries for their nutrients. For this reason, the benefits of its cultivation were studied and it turns out that it adapts better to different climates and yields more. But growing green peas is still the biggest of all.

Peas as animal feed

The pea plant is used pure or as a mixture in green forage, hay, silage and grain. But their peas can be used directly for human or animal consumption because they are not genetically treated and the value of the level of anti-nutritional factors is very low.

In pigs, thanks to the high content of digestible lysine, it is possible to provide a balanced diet. Which has a low level of protein to reduce the amount of nitrate in your stools, minimizing its negative effect on the environment.

For this, the consumption of peas should be 10% of their total diet when weaned and increase up to 30% in the following months. Completely replacing the consumption of soy flour.

In the case of ruminants, pea forage is added to their diet with great success. Another option is pea grains, which replace soy flour, especially in dairy cows.

Pea grains can also be supplied to goats and sheep as an energy / protein supplement.

Even if the hay is of poor quality, pea grains can be included as a dietary supplement to horses. Especially the younger ones.

In rabbits, it is advisable to replace all the soy flour with pea grains. Which cannot exceed 30% of your entire diet. This feeding improves both the reproductive performance and the feed conversion rates of the females and reduces mortality. Another important use of pea plants is as quality feed for snail farming.

Green peas and yellow peas as bird food

Peas are rich in protein and starches, which is why they are included in the diets of cattle and pigs to gain weight. Another benefit of including these legumes is the price. Since it is less than sorghum.

Due to its energy contribution, it can replace corn and does not need to be deactivated like soy to include it in your diet.

The great advantage of peas for the bird's diet is that it is not genetically modified. This does not happen with soybeans, since solvents are needed to extract it.

Specifically in poultry, peas are incorporated into their diet because of the metabolizable energy value of the pea. Mixing their diet with 25% peas for the fattening season. While it can go up to 30% in the case of laying hens.

Whereas the grains of peas can cover 10% to 15% of the diet of the pigeons. That is why they are included in the Pigeon Mixes. Typical composition of pigeon food

Universal pigeon food may contain whole grains of wheat, barley and maize, red

sorghum, various peas and oats. Just before racing, safflower may be added for extra energy. After racing, special foods may be offered that contain easily digestible cereals and safflower for extra energy.

Pea production

The largest producer of green and yellow peas is Canada, followed by the quantity of production, Russia, China, the United States and India.

The quality of pea kernels is distinguished by their size and amount of foreign matter or loose kernel husk.

Where to buy it?

In you can buy pea grains with 99.8% purity. With grain sizes greater than 5mm. It is sold in bulk or in packages of 20kg, 25kg or 50kg.

Green peas are sold for human consumption and green and yellow peas for animal feed.

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