German millet is one of the most widely cultivated varieties of millet for its resistance to soils in dry climates. Its highest production occurs in Asia. It is known as moha, panizo or foxtail millet among others and its scientific name is setaria italica.
Characteristics of german millet seeds
Its seed measures approximately 2mm. Around it it has a thin glume that can be easily removed. Its color varies according to its species. In Asia it is grown for human consumption, while in America and Europe the purpose of cultivation is for hay or poultry feed.
Its harvest must be done just in time, otherwise it will be attacked by birds and rodents.
Uses of german millet seeds
Because of its rapid growth, it is used as a preserved forage in the form of hay. It is ideal for the winter season where other types of plants are scarce. Moha has such a rapid growth that it can be grazed 45 days after being sown. The red variety is the most used to assemble rolls or silage.
It is one of the cereals chosen for its nutritional value in countries with semi-arid soils. 80% of world production is destined for human consumption in Asia, Africa, India and Myanmar. In the West its consumption is still negligible.
Its nutritional value is high in terms of energy for children, the elderly and convalescent people. This type of seed prepares different types of food, among them are porridge and flat bread.
From these seeds flour is obtained, which must be used in a short time because it cannot be stored. Although the nutritional value of millet is higher than that of rice and wheat, they prefer their consumption due to the ease of preparation and prices.
The protein content of german millet seeds is compared to those of wheat, barley and corn. Specifically the species of coracán millet is used for the manufacture of beer.
How long can millet be stored
There are several reasons why millet has a long shelf life. If stored in good storage conditions, German millet can be kept for up to 4-5 years. This is due to several factors. On the one hand, the husk that millet has protects it from possible insect attacks. On the other hand, the harvest is carried out in the dry season, favoring its conservation.
German millet and other millets
German millet is a variety of millets. Pearl millet seeds are the largest variety of this species. It is grown in soils where it is not possible to sow sorghum, corn or coaracán millet. The yield of these seeds is higher than the other species of millet.
Another variety of millet is the heart, which is an important food in Asia and Africa. Due to the cultivation needs, it is sown in soils where the climate is cooler. The common or proso millet is cultivated in soils of more temperate climates.